A nearly magical feature that has been available for iPhone and iPad since iOS 15 is Voice Isolation, which as the name suggests, filters out other sounds in the surroundings so that the person on the other end of the line can hear you better. This feature has so far only been available in FaceTime calls and some other third-party apps. However, with iOS 16.4, which should be released anytime soon, the feature will be available for regular phone calls as well.
To activate the feature, open Control Center during a call and tap on “Microphone Mode” at the top right corner to activate either Voice Isolation or Wide Spectrum, which lets in more ambient noise. However, Wide Spectrum is currently only available in FaceTime calls and some other third-party apps.